1.mybatis-config.xml模板

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>

    <typeAliases>
        <package name="com.emmmua.pojo"/>
    </typeAliases>

    <environments default="development">
        <environment id="development">
            <transactionManager type="JDBC"/>
            <dataSource type="POOLED">
                <property name="driver" value="com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver"/>
                <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql:///database?useUnicode=true;characterEncoding=utf8;serverTimezone=GMT"/>
                <property name="username" value="root"/>
                <property name="password" value="123456"/>
            </dataSource>
        </environment>
    </environments>
    <mappers>
       <!--扫描mapper-->
        <package name="com.emmmua.mapper"/>
    </mappers>
</configuration>

2.Mapper.xml模板

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.emmmua.mapper.momentsMapper">
  
    <resultMap id="momentsResultMap" type="moments">
        <result column="dep_id" property="depId"></result>
    </resultMap>
  
    <select id="selectAll" resultMap="momentsResultMap">
        select * from moments;
    </select>
</mapper>

3.SqlSessionFactoryUtils模板(简化mybatis抽取代码)

import org.apache.ibatis.io.Resources;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

public class SqlSessionFactoryUtils {

    private static SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory;

    static{
        //静态代码块会随着类的加载而自动执行,且只执行一次
        try{
            String resource = "mybatis-config.xml";
            InputStream inputStream = Resources.getResourceAsStream(resource);
            sqlSessionFactory = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(inputStream);
        }catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public static SqlSessionFactory getSqlSessionFactory(){
        return sqlSessionFactory;
    }
}

使用案例

import cn.fivk.mapper.BrandMapper;
import cn.fivk.pojo.Brand;
import cn.fivk.pojo.PageBean;
import cn.fivk.util.SqlSessionFactoryUtils;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;

import java.util.List;

public class BrandService {
    SqlSessionFactory factory = SqlSessionFactoryUtils.getSqlSessionFactory();

    // 查询所有
    public List<Brand> SelectAll() {
        // 调用BrandMapper.selectAll()

        // 1. 获取SqlSession
        SqlSession sqlSession = factory.openSession();

        // 2. 获取BrandMapper
        BrandMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(BrandMapper.class);

        // 3. 调用方法
        List<Brand> brands = mapper.SelectAll();

        sqlSession.close();

        return brands;
    }
}

4.CheckCodeUtil模板(根据字符串生成图片验证码)

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.geom.AffineTransform;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Random;

/**
 * 生成验证码工具类
 */
public class CheckCodeUtil {

    public static final String VERIFY_CODES = "123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
    private static Random random = new Random();



    /**
     * 输出随机验证码图片流,并返回验证码值(一般传入输出流,响应response页面端,Web项目用的较多)
     *
     * @param width 图片宽度
     * @param height 图片宽度
     * @param os 输出流
     * @param verifySize 数据长度
     * @return
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static String outputVerifyImage(int width, int height, OutputStream os, int verifySize) throws IOException {
        String verifyCode = generateVerifyCode(verifySize);
        outputImage(width, height, os, verifyCode);
        return verifyCode;
    }

    /**
     * 使用系统默认字符源生成验证码
     *
     * @param verifySize 验证码长度
     * @return
     */
    public static String generateVerifyCode(int verifySize) {
        return generateVerifyCode(verifySize, VERIFY_CODES);
    }

    /**
     * 使用指定源生成验证码
     *
     * @param verifySize 验证码长度
     * @param sources    验证码字符源
     * @return
     */
    public static String generateVerifyCode(int verifySize, String sources) {
        // 未设定展示源的字码,赋默认值大写字母+数字
        if (sources == null || sources.length() == 0) {
            sources = VERIFY_CODES;
        }
        int codesLen = sources.length();
        Random rand = new Random(System.currentTimeMillis());
        StringBuilder verifyCode = new StringBuilder(verifySize);
        for (int i = 0; i < verifySize; i++) {
            verifyCode.append(sources.charAt(rand.nextInt(codesLen - 1)));
        }
        return verifyCode.toString();
    }

    /**
     * 生成随机验证码文件,并返回验证码值 (生成图片形式,用的较少)
     *
     * @param w
     * @param h
     * @param outputFile
     * @param verifySize
     * @return
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static String outputVerifyImage(int w, int h, File outputFile, int verifySize) throws IOException {
        String verifyCode = generateVerifyCode(verifySize);
        outputImage(w, h, outputFile, verifyCode);
        return verifyCode;
    }



    /**
     * 生成指定验证码图像文件
     *
     * @param w
     * @param h
     * @param outputFile
     * @param code
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static void outputImage(int w, int h, File outputFile, String code) throws IOException {
        if (outputFile == null) {
            return;
        }
        File dir = outputFile.getParentFile();
        //文件不存在
        if (!dir.exists()) {
            //创建
            dir.mkdirs();
        }
        try {
            outputFile.createNewFile();
            FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(outputFile);
            outputImage(w, h, fos, code);
            fos.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            throw e;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 输出指定验证码图片流
     *
     * @param w
     * @param h
     * @param os
     * @param code
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static void outputImage(int w, int h, OutputStream os, String code) throws IOException {
        int verifySize = code.length();
        BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(w, h, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
        Random rand = new Random();
        Graphics2D g2 = image.createGraphics();
        g2.setRenderingHint(RenderingHints.KEY_ANTIALIASING, RenderingHints.VALUE_ANTIALIAS_ON);

        // 创建颜色集合,使用java.awt包下的类
        Color[] colors = new Color[5];
        Color[] colorSpaces = new Color[]{Color.WHITE, Color.CYAN,
                Color.GRAY, Color.LIGHT_GRAY, Color.MAGENTA, Color.ORANGE,
                Color.PINK, Color.YELLOW};
        float[] fractions = new float[colors.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < colors.length; i++) {
            colors[i] = colorSpaces[rand.nextInt(colorSpaces.length)];
            fractions[i] = rand.nextFloat();
        }
        Arrays.sort(fractions);
        // 设置边框色
        g2.setColor(Color.GRAY);
        g2.fillRect(0, 0, w, h);

        Color c = getRandColor(200, 250);
        // 设置背景色
        g2.setColor(c);
        g2.fillRect(0, 2, w, h - 4);

        // 绘制干扰线
        Random random = new Random();
        // 设置线条的颜色
        g2.setColor(getRandColor(160, 200));
        for (int i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
            int x = random.nextInt(w - 1);
            int y = random.nextInt(h - 1);
            int xl = random.nextInt(6) + 1;
            int yl = random.nextInt(12) + 1;
            g2.drawLine(x, y, x + xl + 40, y + yl + 20);
        }

        // 添加噪点
        // 噪声率
        float yawpRate = 0.05f;
        int area = (int) (yawpRate * w * h);
        for (int i = 0; i < area; i++) {
            int x = random.nextInt(w);
            int y = random.nextInt(h);
            // 获取随机颜色
            int rgb = getRandomIntColor();
            image.setRGB(x, y, rgb);
        }
        // 添加图片扭曲
        shear(g2, w, h, c);

        g2.setColor(getRandColor(100, 160));
        int fontSize = h - 4;
        Font font = new Font("Algerian", Font.ITALIC, fontSize);
        g2.setFont(font);
        char[] chars = code.toCharArray();
        for (int i = 0; i < verifySize; i++) {
            AffineTransform affine = new AffineTransform();
            affine.setToRotation(Math.PI / 4 * rand.nextDouble() * (rand.nextBoolean() ? 1 : -1), (w / verifySize) * i + fontSize / 2, h / 2);
            g2.setTransform(affine);
            g2.drawChars(chars, i, 1, ((w - 10) / verifySize) * i + 5, h / 2 + fontSize / 2 - 10);
        }

        g2.dispose();
        ImageIO.write(image, "jpg", os);
    }

    /**
     * 随机颜色
     *
     * @param fc
     * @param bc
     * @return
     */
    private static Color getRandColor(int fc, int bc) {
        if (fc > 255) {
            fc = 255;
        }
        if (bc > 255) {
            bc = 255;
        }
        int r = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
        int g = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
        int b = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
        return new Color(r, g, b);
    }

    private static int getRandomIntColor() {
        int[] rgb = getRandomRgb();
        int color = 0;
        for (int c : rgb) {
            color = color << 8;
            color = color | c;
        }
        return color;
    }

    private static int[] getRandomRgb() {
        int[] rgb = new int[3];
        for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
            rgb[i] = random.nextInt(255);
        }
        return rgb;
    }

    private static void shear(Graphics g, int w1, int h1, Color color) {
        shearX(g, w1, h1, color);
        shearY(g, w1, h1, color);
    }

    private static void shearX(Graphics g, int w1, int h1, Color color) {

        int period = random.nextInt(2);

        boolean borderGap = true;
        int frames = 1;
        int phase = random.nextInt(2);

        for (int i = 0; i < h1; i++) {
            double d = (double) (period >> 1)
                    * Math.sin((double) i / (double) period
                    + (6.2831853071795862D * (double) phase)
                    / (double) frames);
            g.copyArea(0, i, w1, 1, (int) d, 0);
            if (borderGap) {
                g.setColor(color);
                g.drawLine((int) d, i, 0, i);
                g.drawLine((int) d + w1, i, w1, i);
            }
        }

    }

    private static void shearY(Graphics g, int w1, int h1, Color color) {

        int period = random.nextInt(40) + 10; // 50;

        boolean borderGap = true;
        int frames = 20;
        int phase = 7;
        for (int i = 0; i < w1; i++) {
            double d = (double) (period >> 1)
                    * Math.sin((double) i / (double) period
                    + (6.2831853071795862D * (double) phase)
                    / (double) frames);
            g.copyArea(i, 0, 1, h1, 0, (int) d);
            if (borderGap) {
                g.setColor(color);
                g.drawLine(i, (int) d, i, 0);
                g.drawLine(i, (int) d + h1, i, h1);
            }

        }

    }
}

Server

import cn.fivk.util.CheckCodeUtil;
import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
import javax.servlet.annotation.*;
import java.io.IOException;

@WebServlet("/CheckCodeServlet")
public class CheckCodeServlet extends HttpServlet {
    @Override
    protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {

        // 生成验证码
        ServletOutputStream os = response.getOutputStream();
        String CheckCode = CheckCodeUtil.outputVerifyImage(100, 50, os, 4);

        // 存入Session
        HttpSession session = request.getSession();
        session.setAttribute("checkCodeGan", CheckCode);
    }

    @Override
    protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
        this.doGet(request, response);
    }
}

Html

<td>验证码</td>
<td class="inputs">
    <input name="checkCode" type="text" id="checkCode">
    <img id="checkCodeImage" src="/.../CheckCodeServlet">
    <a href="#" id="changeImg">看不清?</a>
    <span id="checkCode_err" class="err_msg" style="display: none">${register_msg}</span>
</td>

Js

Check = function () {
    // 因为图片会有缓存,地址固定是/.../CheckCodeServlet就会有缓存,我们对地址加参数
    // 用时间作为参数,就永远不会重复,这样地址都不一样所以不会有缓存
    let time = new Date().getMilliseconds();
    document.getElementById("checkCodeImage").src = "/10_Test_war/CheckCodeServlet?" + time;
}

document.getElementById("changeImg").onclick = Check;
document.getElementById("checkCodeImage").onclick = Check;

5.MybatisPlus模板

假设有一个实体类Employee,我们对他进行Mybatis增强操作

pom.xml在原来mybatis的基础上导入下面坐标

<!--mybatisPlus坐标-->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.baomidou</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis-plus-boot-starter</artifactId>
    <version>3.4.2</version>
</dependency>

第一步:继承Serializable

import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.annotation.FieldFill;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.annotation.TableField;
import lombok.Data;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.time.LocalDateTime;

/**
 * 员工实体
 */
@Data
public class Employee implements Serializable {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    private Long id;

    private String username;

    private String name;

    private String password;

    private String phone;

    private String sex;

    private String idNumber;    // 身份证

    private Integer status;

    private LocalDateTime createTime;

    private LocalDateTime updateTime;

    @TableField(fill = FieldFill.INSERT)
    private Long createUser;

    @TableField(fill = FieldFill.INSERT_UPDATE)
    private Long updateUser;

}

第二步:Mapper配置

继承BaseMapper泛型类

import cn.fivk.takeaway.entity.Employee;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.core.mapper.BaseMapper;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;

@Mapper
public interface EmployeeMapper extends BaseMapper<Employee> {
}

第三步:Server配置

接口继承IService泛型

import cn.fivk.takeaway.entity.Employee;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.extension.service.IService;

public interface EmployeeService extends IService<Employee> {
}

类继承ServerImpl泛型和实现我们自己写的EmployeeService接口

import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.extension.service.impl.ServiceImpl;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

@Service
public class EmployeeServiceImpl extends ServiceImpl<EmployeeMapper, Employee> implements EmployeeService {
}

6.JacksonObjectMapper(对象映射器)

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.DeserializationFeature;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.module.SimpleModule;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.std.ToStringSerializer;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype.jsr310.deser.LocalDateDeserializer;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype.jsr310.deser.LocalDateTimeDeserializer;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype.jsr310.deser.LocalTimeDeserializer;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype.jsr310.ser.LocalDateSerializer;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype.jsr310.ser.LocalDateTimeSerializer;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype.jsr310.ser.LocalTimeSerializer;
import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.time.LocalDate;
import java.time.LocalDateTime;
import java.time.LocalTime;
import java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter;
import static com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.DeserializationFeature.FAIL_ON_UNKNOWN_PROPERTIES;

/**
 * 对象映射器:基于jackson将Java对象转为json,或者将json转为Java对象
 * 将JSON解析为Java对象的过程称为 [从JSON反序列化Java对象]
 * 从Java对象生成JSON的过程称为 [序列化Java对象到JSON]
 */
public class JacksonObjectMapper extends ObjectMapper {

    public static final String DEFAULT_DATE_FORMAT = "yyyy-MM-dd";
    public static final String DEFAULT_DATE_TIME_FORMAT = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss";
    public static final String DEFAULT_TIME_FORMAT = "HH:mm:ss";

    public JacksonObjectMapper() {
        super();
        //收到未知属性时不报异常
        this.configure(FAIL_ON_UNKNOWN_PROPERTIES, false);

        //反序列化时,属性不存在的兼容处理
        this.getDeserializationConfig().withoutFeatures(DeserializationFeature.FAIL_ON_UNKNOWN_PROPERTIES);


        SimpleModule simpleModule = new SimpleModule()
                .addDeserializer(LocalDateTime.class, new LocalDateTimeDeserializer(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern(DEFAULT_DATE_TIME_FORMAT)))
                .addDeserializer(LocalDate.class, new LocalDateDeserializer(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern(DEFAULT_DATE_FORMAT)))
                .addDeserializer(LocalTime.class, new LocalTimeDeserializer(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern(DEFAULT_TIME_FORMAT)))

                .addSerializer(BigInteger.class, ToStringSerializer.instance)
                .addSerializer(Long.class, ToStringSerializer.instance)
                .addSerializer(LocalDateTime.class, new LocalDateTimeSerializer(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern(DEFAULT_DATE_TIME_FORMAT)))
                .addSerializer(LocalDate.class, new LocalDateSerializer(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern(DEFAULT_DATE_FORMAT)))
                .addSerializer(LocalTime.class, new LocalTimeSerializer(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern(DEFAULT_TIME_FORMAT)));

        //注册功能模块 例如,可以添加自定义序列化器和反序列化器
        this.registerModule(simpleModule);
    }
}

在WebMvcConfig配置类中扩展SpringMvc的消息转换器,在此消息转换器中使用提供的对象转换器进行Java对象到json数据的转换。

import cn.fivk.takeaway.common.JacksonObjectMapper;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.http.converter.HttpMessageConverter;
import org.springframework.http.converter.cbor.MappingJackson2CborHttpMessageConverter;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.ResourceHandlerRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurationSupport;

import java.util.List;

@Slf4j
@Configuration
public class WebMvcConfig extends WebMvcConfigurationSupport {
    /**
     * 扩展springmvc框架的消息转换器
     * @param converters
     */
    @Override
    protected void extendMessageConverters(List<HttpMessageConverter<?>> converters) {
        // 创建消息转换器对象
        MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter messageConverter = new MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter();
        // 设置对象转换器,底层使用Jackson将Java对象转换成Json
        messageConverter.setObjectMapper(new JacksonObjectMapper());
        // 将上面的消息转换器对象追加到springmvc框架的转换器集合中
        converters.add(0, messageConverter);    // 参数index表示优先使用级(顺序)
    }
}

7.RedisConfig配置key和value序列化

被序列化的对象需要继承Serializable

package com.emmmua.config;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.support.spring.GenericFastJsonRedisSerializer;
import org.springframework.cache.annotation.CachingConfigurerSupport;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.RedisConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.StringRedisSerializer;

/**
 * Redis配置类
 */
@Configuration
public class RedisConfig extends CachingConfigurerSupport {

    @Bean
    public RedisTemplate<Object, Object> redisTemplate(RedisConnectionFactory connectionFactory) {

        RedisTemplate<Object, Object> redisTemplate = new RedisTemplate<>();

        //默认的Key序列化器为:JdkSerializationRedisSerializer
        redisTemplate.setKeySerializer(new StringRedisSerializer());
        redisTemplate.setHashKeySerializer(new StringRedisSerializer());
        // 序列化value
        redisTemplate.setHashValueSerializer(new GenericFastJsonRedisSerializer());
        redisTemplate.setValueSerializer(new GenericFastJsonRedisSerializer());

        redisTemplate.setConnectionFactory(connectionFactory);

        return redisTemplate;
    }

}
最后修改:2022 年 09 月 12 日
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